The college started its journey on 14th August, 1961, with the foundation being built up with the sacrifice and dedication of the people of Pathankhali, a small delta in Gosaba block. Pathankhali is a riverine island surrounded by rivers and creeks, with the main occupation of the people being fishing and collecting honey and wax. The people during that period had to battle everyday with innumerable odds - abject poverty and hunger; natural adversities like periodical inundation of the area with saline water of rivers and creeks; dangers from crocodiles and snakes; deplorable infrastructure plagued by lack of transportation system, drinking water and health facilities; lack of education that led to superstitions and made their life even worse. In this situation, the task of the college was extremely difficult and challenging – first, to convince the people that only education was a panacea to their wretched life, and secondly, to provide them facilities so that they can overcome their geographical and financial hurdles to attend the college.
In 1942, a primary school was established in this remote area at the initiative of Sri Haripada Das and Sri Amulyaratan Bhowmik, who had come away to Sundarbans from Midnapore. The financial support was provided by Shah Alam Mollah, a local influencial person. Later, the then headmaster Sri AmulyaratanBhowmik envisioned the necessity of a higher educational institution in this delta and motivated several enthusiastic people for the cause. Shah Alam Mollah donated the land for the establishment of the college and the college was named after his father, the zamindar Late Hazi Desarat. Late Majidul Haque Molla, Late Majaharul Molla and Late Shah Alam Ali along with Late Nepal Chandra Patra and Late Haripada Das provided the initial support and help to materialize the dream of a college. The eminent professor of Anthropology, Dr. Rebati Mohan Sarkar, acted as founder-principal of the college. Initially classes were held at the first floor of the school building. But the threat from University of Calcutta to withdraw its affiliation since the college had no building, led to prompt arrangements for funds by personal sacrifices by some kind and passionate local people, with which a tile roofed modest building was established. Few years later during a severe funds crunch, Sri Bankim Mondal, a wealthy gentleman of the area, came up with a generous donation to ensure the survival of the institute, and moreover took pains later on to become the Secretary of Organizing Committee of the college.
Initially, the college started with a few general degree courses in the subjects of Humanities, extending its academic service to further include Commerce in 1973 and science subjects in 1980. In 1980s and 1990s with the leadership of the then principal Arabinda Panda funds were arranged from various government departments to construct some buildings, to establish laboratories and library. In 1996, Honours courses were introduced in Bengali, History and Accountancy. Presently, the college boasts of 17 departments with 6 Honours subjects. In 2018, Honours course in English was made avaiable, and to accomodate students studying science in adjoining schools, Mathematics Honours was opened in 2021.
To provide more opportunities of higher education to the students of these remote rural areas, the college established a Post-Graduate Distance Learning Centre of Rabindra Bharati University in 2006, where the students get the opportunity of having Master’s degree in the subjects of Bengali, History and Education.